When the Spanish conquered Mesoamerica, they conquered cacao. Mixing the bitter cacao seeds with sugar and other spices – spices that were often also obtained through European conquest – the Spanish created a commodity that stimulated the European comestible market. Read more…
Averill Earls, PhD
Assistant Professor of History at Mercyhurst University. Writes about sex, gender, and policing in modern Ireland, 2019 article in the Journal of the History of Sexuality. Other history side hustles include Nursing Clio and New York State Association of European Historians. Will tell you about maple creemees, just ask.