Whether you’re pivoting to meet emergency remote teaching needs or building a new syllabus and want to include some interesting new assignments, you’ve come to the right place! Like any course materials, podcast episodes are most effective if you assign them with some purpose. You can just assign the content, but we like Podcasts + Something to deliver the most impact! Here are a few ideas to get you started:
+ Starting A Podcast
Do you and/or your students want to start a podcast of your own?
Aside from having a clear idea of what you want to podcast about, and what you as the host bring to that topic (qualifications, life experiences, comic relief, etc), podcasting is pretty simple, and revolves around three key considerations: storytelling, sound, and distribution.
By storytelling we mean that they need to be thinking about the format, and how they will engage listeners. Are they just going to be a disembodied voice ramble for 40 minutes uninterrupted? That’s probably going to be boring. Writing for the ear is different from writing an essay. The Poytner Institute self directed course may be useful for thinking about this. Or, listen to examples of other great podcasts, both indie – like Dig, of course, but also Let’s Be Legendary, The Dollop, Philosophize This, You Must Remember This – and institutionally-backed, like BBC’s History of the World in 100 Objects, The Memory Palace, or StoryCorps. What do they do that makes their storytelling compelling and interesting enough to listen to? Are they highly produced with sound effects, music, or other editing magic that brings the audio story to life? If the narrator is reading a script (this is usually obvious – our reading voices, tone, and speed are generally different than our candid voices), are there intentional pauses, is the pacing too fast or too slow, does the story have a hook to draw you in, and enough detail to keep you listening? Are there multiple voices speaking? At Dig we frame every episode as a conversational back-and-forth, even though only one of us every writes an entire episode script, because we want the switch to a new voice to jar you back into listening!
For sound, every podcaster needs good audio quality. An external mic like the Blue Yeti or pretty much any USB mic in the $20-$70 range will work fine for an amateur podcaster. You also need your audio quality to translate into the final product, either through high production value (think of NPR stories that include music, an overarching narrator, interviews with several people, maybe some sound effects or clips from different kinds of audio recordings) or a light-touch editing – using software like Audacity (free) or Hindenburg Journalist (free trial, $99 for a license). You want to cut out most of your mistakes and stumbles, but not your breathes or natural pauses. If you take these out, you’ll sound like someone put you on fast forward, and it is not very pleasant. You can find youtube tutorials for using Audacity, and if you get Hindenburg, they have tutorials on their website.
For distribution, you need a host. For hosting and possibly even recording, I would recommend https://anchor.fm – it’s free, and super user friendly. Then you submit your podcast RSS feed to Apple and to the Google Play store. And then – ta-da! – you’re a podcaster 🙂
Assign 1-3 episodes (for one night of homework, or over the course of the week) and a guiding question, and then have students engage in structured online discussions. You can run these discussions using Slack, FlipGrid, or a similar tool. Require that students do a minimum of six posts: 2 “original” posts (comments, observations, or questions), 2 responses to classmates’ posts, and then at least 2 other posts of either kind.
Important note: Like reading a source critically, listening to a podcast is a skill that students can develop! Check out Abby Mullen’s fantastic guide for students on how to listen to a podcast for class.
- Episode assignments: “Duggie Mack, the Jamaican Delegation to Ethiopia, and the Rastafari Movement” + “Trees That Fight Back“
- Discussion starter: How have Shinto and Rastafari shaped what it means to be “Japanese” and “Jamaican,” respectively? In what ways can religion be a tool of nationalism, anti-imperialism, and anti-nationalism?
- Episode assignment: “Witches Brew“
- Discussion starter: What is ‘patriarchy,’ and how did it reshape beer-brewing in early modern England? Where else in our course have we seen the effects of ‘patriarchy’ in Europe/ the World?
For an assignment examining colonialism and the individuals–in this case, Joseph Conrad, Roger Casement, and Henry Morton Stanley–who carried out the tasks of empire, try this structured debate!
- Assign the students “Hearts of Darkness” + Table of Contents, Chapters 1 (p 21-37) and Chapter 2 (p 38-47) in Burton, The Lake Regions of Central Africa
- Divide the class into six small groups: one dedicated to the position that “Casement was an imperialist” and one dedicated to the position that “Casement was an anti-imperialist”, and so on, so that the three men each have a team dedicated to arguing one side or the other
- Give the students 15 minutes to revisit their notes from the podcast and reading, and to do whatever research they need to
- Make sure each student has a role – a Leader to deliver opening statement, 1-2 Researchers to take notes on and provide counter arguments during the other teams’ opener and rebuttal, and a Closer to deliver the closing statement
- Bring the groups up two at a time, run the debate
- The point was to show that every one of these Europeans (who at least, unlike the Berlin conferencers, actually traveled to west Africa) were complicated individuals, whose sometimes casual tourist, often economically self-serving efforts led to immense suffering in the Congo
To mix up content delivery, let the students take charge! On a unit examining three theories of the cause of European witch hunts, Averill has the students break into three groups and prepare short presentations using assigned materials, a mix of podcasts and excerpts from more traditional readings:
- Read Wolfgang Behringer, “Weather, Hunger and Fear: Origins of the European Witch-hunts in Climate, Society and Mentality” and listen to “Little Ice Age”
- Read Brian Levack, “State-Building and Witch Hunting in Early Modern Europe” and listen to “It’s Treason, Then”
- Read Marianne Hester, “Patriarchal Reconstruction and Witch Hunting” and listen to “Witches Brew”
Students work together to create engaging presentations (with a visual aid) that clearly outlines: the main theory their sources presented for the cause of the witch hunts, and a brief discussion of the evidence that supports their theory.
+ Source Assessment
Students should be assessing and critiquing podcast episodes like they do any other secondary source! Options:
- Write a review! Students pick 8-10 most recent episodes of a podcast (Dig, or any of the shows at lyceum.fm) and write a public history review using the National Council of Public History review guidelines.
- For any assigned episode, have students identify the argument/thesis of the episode and the sources used.
For this assignment, have students listen to an episode, then use the audio and transcript to build a timeline of the events in the episode using KnightLab’s TimelineJS. Students will gain digital history skills and apply what they have learned through the podcast by creating a timeline. Ask students to do research to find primary sources, images, videos, and audio clips to add to their timeline. Or, have your students use the podcast as a starting point, then have them go in to greater depth researching a person, issue or event in the episode, then show what they found in their research in a timeline. You could even have students make timelines covering issues from a playlist of episodes, focused on a single subject, such as the Civil War era, history of medicine, women’s rights, or slavery.
For an example, check out this timeline on Reconstruction and the Election of 1876!
+ Write An Episode
Have students listen to an episode with a FURTHER READING section, like “79 and Counting,” “Papa Can You Hear Me,” or “Devsirme,” read one of the articles from the Further Reading sections, and then write their own podcast episode! This gets students to think about how they would need to say something to be interesting to listeners, rather than just readers. Writing for a public audience, while engaging research (and appropriate citation) skills are important for all Humanities students!
Check out these episodes researched and written by Averill’s students for her fall 2020 Sex in Modern History class:
- Kali Beutler, “Modernity & Love in the Story of Anne Lister“
- Trey Catalano, “Krafft-Ebing, Ellis, and The Well of Loneliness: A Foray into Sexology“